Four steps to feel testicular cancer on your own

Four steps to feel testicular cancer on your own

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Testicular cancer can be palpated with simple movements

Testicular cancer is very feared in men. If it is recognized early, the chances of a cure are very good in contrast to other cancers. Men can feel early for themselves whether there is a change. Therefore, urologists advise regular self-examination, which can be carried out very easily.

Rising new cases

Every year around 4,000 men develop testicular pain. According to doctors, young men are particularly affected. There is an increase in the incidence of new cases worldwide. It has not yet been fully clarified why this is so. Some studies suggest that cell phone radiation could be the cause. Undescended testicles are also considered a risk factor. Hereditary factors are also believed to be the cause of an increased risk of disease, since the tumor often occurs frequently within a family. Many people suspect that cycling is also a trigger, but this is negated by doctors.

Testicular carcinomas are among the rather rare cancers. Health experts say that mostly 20- to 40-year-olds are affected. You should therefore regularly check your testicles for hardening. Testicular cancer is often noticeable to the affected patient due to painless hardening and / or swelling of the testicle concerned.

This is how the testicular self-examination works

1. When palpating, first touch the scrotum and testicles in the open palm from the bottom and move them up and down slightly. This creates a feeling for the weight and size of the testicles.

2. Then scan each testicle individually: Roll the testicles back and forth between your thumb (top) and your index and middle fingers (bottom). Roughness or knots are so easy to feel.

3. The epididymis, which rests on top and on the outside of the testicles like a cap and can easily be mistaken for a striking finding, can also be felt.

4. Finally, check in the mirror whether there is any swelling in the area of ​​the scrotum.

Men should pay attention to whether there is a unilateral painless enlargement or hardening of the testicles or a small, hard painless lump on the testicles. A feeling of heaviness, testicular pain or a pulling in the testicle area can also be a warning.

Not every change is equal to cancer

But not everyone who discovers an unusual lump when touched has testicular cancer right away. It could also be the epididymis or the result of an injury. Testicular pain also does not necessarily have to be related to a malignant disease. If an abnormality is found, it is important to make an appointment with the urologist promptly. It is important to point out changes in the testicles when making an appointment so that the appointment can be accelerated.

Young men should take their crotch regularly

“Men and especially young men are known to be extremely precautionary and consider themselves invulnerable. Understandably, many boys in puberty are not yet aware of the topic of testicular tumor. Testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer among young men with around 4,000 new cases each year, ”explains Prof. Dr. Christian Wülfing.

If testicular cancer has been diagnosed by a doctor, sufferers should not panic. According to urologists, testicular cancer is curable in around 95 percent of all cases, but usually only by surgical removal of the affected testicle. The therapy does not affect sexuality or the sensation of pleasure. But: “Sperm frozen before treatment
have it preserved because testicular cancer and its therapy endanger fertility ”.

While general screening for early detection is not recommended, regular self-examination of the testicles is particularly useful for young men. If risk factors are present, the presence of a germ cell tumor should be clarified according to the guideline. (sb)

Author and source information

Video: Recognizing a Testicular Cancer Lump. Testicular Cancer (November 2022).