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Flu infection: alleviate cold symptoms with home remedies
The new year starts with a cold for many people. Although some patients quickly take medication, the symptoms can usually be alleviated well with home remedies.
Hardly anyone gets away without a cold (flu infection) in the cold season. Some people then quickly take medication. However, the symptoms associated with the disease, such as a sore throat or cough, can usually be alleviated with simple home remedies. The Techniker Krankenkasse (TK) summarizes on its website what can help those affected.
[GList slug = ”10 home remedies for cold”]
If the first symptoms appear, take an increasing foot bath
TK recommends taking an increasing foot bath right at the beginning of the first cold symptoms. According to Kneipp's health theory, it improves all ailments in the ear, nose and throat area and helps with chronic sinus and sinus infections.
The feet should first be immersed in lukewarm water at approximately 33 degrees Celsius. Then gradually run in warmer water until the temperature is just bearable. After a maximum of 20 minutes, the feet are rinsed off with cold water. Then you should go to bed with your feet dry for at least another 20 minutes.
The beneficial effect is immediately noticeable and can also be explained medically. Because, as the health insurance company explains, there is a reflex connection between the feet and the nasal and pharynx mucosa. Better blood circulation in the feet activates the mucous membranes, making it easier to ward off pathogens.
People who suffer from arterial circulatory disorders, venous diseases and varicose veins should not use the rising foot bath. And heart problems are also a contraindication.
Hot full bath - but not with a fever
With a hot full bath, an incipient cold can be "bathed away". The warmth, among other things, improves the blood supply to the mucous membrane and reduces the virus replication.
If the cold has already progressed, such a bath relieves the symptoms. Appropriate bath additives can intensify the effect. It is pointed out that it is important to lie down in the warm bed afterwards and sleep soundly if possible. In the case of fever, however, you should not bathe.
Inhale with salt water
Table salt is a small miracle cure for colds. In the nose, the salt supports the natural functions of the mucous membrane. Nose drops and rinses with salt make the application easy. However, these can also be produced quickly yourself.
To do this, dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in a mug of lukewarm water. Care should be taken to ensure the correct salt concentration of around 0.9 percent, i.e. around one gram of table salt in 100 ml of water. The mixture is then transferred to a pipette or spray bottle. Such physiological saline solutions can also be bought in the pharmacy from stock.
It is also good for the nose, throat and throat to inhale with salt water, for example using a nebulizer.
Essential oils, on the other hand, are not necessarily helpful and do not make sense, especially for smaller children, because their oils can also cause their mucous membranes to swell.
Warm milk for a sore throat
A home remedy for sore throats is warm milk with honey.
However, some experts advise against using this drink if you have a cough that produces mucus, since milk itself produces mucus. With a dry cough and sore throat, the warm drink can have a soothing effect.
Warm wraps relieve discomfort
Warm wraps are also an old home remedy for cold symptoms. For example, potato wrap for a sore throat. To do this, unpeeled potatoes are boiled, placed in a cloth while still hot and crushed. Wrapped in a towel around the neck for half an hour, the potato wrap is said to relieve sore throat effectively. However, it should be noted that the wrap is not too hot, otherwise there is a risk of burns.
A home remedy for bronchitis is the lard wrap. To do this, 50 grams of lard are heated, but not too hot, so that there are no burns. If you want, you can add a few drops of menthol or thyme oil. In children, one should be careful with essential oils. This mixture is distributed over the chest and back and wrapped in towels. The wrap is removed before it has cooled completely.
Children in particular quickly develop an otitis media when they catch a cold. An onion wrap can help when earache begins. For this, chop an onion and crush it in a cotton cloth. Warm slowly over low heat, but do not cook! Place the wrap in the towel on the aching ear and let it work until it is cold. According to the TK, the vapors stimulate blood circulation and increase defense. The number of pathogens is reduced.
The health insurance company points out that a wrap must not be uncomfortable. Therefore, nobody should be forced to do so, not even children.
Fasting strengthens the immune system
Fasting is said to strengthen the immune system, since the intestine - and thus a large part of the immune system - is relieved of its task. Eating less is usually easier with an infection anyway, since the disease is often accompanied by anorexia.
However, fasting should not be exaggerated. After two or three days at the latest, the body needs more than warm tea and juices. Well-chosen foods can even support the recovery process.
Sweating is not advisable for everyone
Whether a cold can really be sweated out is controversial. Heat can put an additional strain on the sick organism. However, some people swear by the sweat cure.
It is often recommended to wrap yourself in thick blankets and drink a sweaty linden blossom or elderflower tea. It will definitely warm you up. If you have circulatory problems or have heart problems, you should better avoid this home remedy. (ad)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.